Dynamic Alliance Formation and a discussion with the idea of dharma-dhatu- pratitya –samutpada

Kuen-Shiou Yang

This study adopts the theory of structural balance (a triangular structure) to explore the formation and maintenance of dynamic alliance relations, and to discuss the research results with the perspective of Hua Yanzong’s dharma-dhatu-pratitya-samutpada(華嚴宗之法界緣起觀點).
The different triadic structures formed by positive and negative relationships will form different harmonies and tensions for inter-firm relationships, influencing the formation of strategic alliance relationships. This study found that the possibility of firms to form a new alliance with others to achieve a potential structural balance is higher than a structural imbalance when there is no relationship between them. Next, the highest structural stability exhibits the highest possibility of alliance formation than other structures. Finally, we discussed how structural balance can be applied in the discussion of “dharma-dhatu- pratitya -samutpada” in Hua-Yen Buddhism.
The results could contribute to strategic alliance and social network analysis research in both theory and methodology and a pioneer discussion of the idea of “dharma-dhatu- pratitya -samutpada” in business research.

Key words: Structural Stability; Structural Balance; Alliance Formation; dharma-dhatu- pratitya -samutpada; Hua-Yen Buddhism